Summer Edition 2019


Hi everyone!

As this year comes to a close, I wanted to take the time to thank all of you for your contribution to the magazine, and to congratulate all of our graduating seniors. You all are capable of so much, and it has truly been an honor to study along side of you. The Summer 2019 edition of Spring Hill's PAX Magazine features a variety of works such as poems, short papers, informational works, and opinion pieces. Each one of these fellow Badgers put time and effort into their works, so thank you all for contributing to our Peace and Justice Magazine. I hope you all had a wonderful spring semester, and I hope that the summer semester helps you all gain some renewal before the fall semester begins!

Your editor,

Hana Blalack

Cultural Norms Damage to Females

In India, China, Africa, and some parts of the Middle East, cultural practices often physiologically and psychologically harm females. The practices are culturally specific to the region. In India and China, it is more common and socially acceptable to perform female infanticide and in Africa and Western parts of the Middle East, female genital mutilation is considered appropriate and necessary. Both are highly considered to benefit the families positively both economically and socially. 

Intersectionality at a Crossroads: How Migrant Status, Gender, Race, and Culture Effect Employment Opportunities for Resettled and Immigrant Women

The intersectionality of gender, race, immigrant status, and culture all pay a major role in disadvantaging women in the workplace in countries where they are resettled. Immigrant status and race disadvantage people because they contribute to differences in language, level of education, and availability of opportunities of employment for individuals. Gender and culture disadvantage individuals because cultural norms and gender roles and ideals may contribute to the type of work in which individuals engage. These factors are all combined for immigrant and refugee women, and this results in unique difficulties in employment opportunities as they move to a new place. 

Why Women Hate Their Bodies

There are many factors that may contribute to the way people view their own bodies. A major factor in the adoption of negative body image and body shaming comes from the role of the media in cultural standards and ideals. Body type ideals vary across cultures, however it has been found that in Western cultures there is a greater emphasis on the objectification of the female body. This objectification has been severely detrimental to female mental health due to its link to self-objectification and social comparisons. As the cultural ideal body type becomes increasingly more unattainable over time, increased media exposure to this ideal has a negative effect on female mental health.

Childlessness: Reasoning & Societal Perception

The decision to have children is an incredibly significant life choice; however, sometimes it seems as though society forgets or ignores that having children is, in fact, a choice. As a result, childless individuals can be perceived as being different despite the fact that having children (or not) should not be compulsory, but rather respected as an individualized choice that can vary from person to person. This paper will explore the various reasons why some people are childless and the various ways in which society perceives childless individuals and conclude by noting potential ways in which society could change so as to be more accommodating for those who are deciding whether or not they want children.

The Evolution of the View of Sex and the Body in Catholic History

Sexuality has been an ever-present topic considered by the Catholic Church. In particular, the way that sex itself and the body have been perceived within the Church’s history garnersattention even today. From Genesis came a foundation for the denial of the body, which influenced the view of sex and marriage for the early Christian Church and had continued into the 1960s. However, in recent years, a new movement has arisen to redefine the laity’s view of the Church’s teachings and the argumentation used in sexual morality, providing a response to these cultural changes and the previous perceptions held.

The Wage Gap in Professional Soccer

Since the establishment of the Equal Pay Act of 1963, wage discrimination based on sex has been illegal in the United States; however, just because it is illegal, does not mean that it is nonexistent. The wage gap is defined as the difference in pay between men and women (Bosson, Vendello, & Buckner, p. 387). In the United States, reports from across all industries show a gap in wages between men and women with professional sports being no exception to gender inequality. Over the past five years, the United States Women’s National Team has been at the forefront of the fight for equal pay between male and female professional athletes. In what has been a bleak history of unequal salaries, the U.S. Women’s National Team has become a beacon of hope for female athletes across the world. One American player, Christen Press, described it as a “women’s coming together movement” in the plight against the wage gap (Das, 2018). Discrimination takes on many forms, and one of the most extensive examples of sex-based discrimination can be seen in the wage gap. While fighting for equal pay, the United States Women’s National Team showcases the extent to which biases against women are reflected in the wage gap.

Its the first page of a new journal

Every other page bare to the bones

Like a kind heart after the world

Orders it from the menu

Every other line, space, and margin

The fullest empty vessel


This essay uses the lens of Marxist dialectical historical materialism and Gramscian cultural theory to examine the differences and development of relationship organizing styles. Specific focus is given to economic modes of production, the function of the models within society, and hegemonic cultural norms influencing attitudes and ideas about these models. I will argue that the relationship structures individuals pursue are resultant from their social conditioning and the material conditions that they have to work with (which, as Marx and Gramsci would point out, are very much intertwined). The essay will be divided into three essential parts: 1). Contemporary and historical dominate relationship organizing styles,  2). Contemporary forms of ethical non monogamy (ENM), 3). Why ethical non monogamy might be increasing in practice and popularity.  

Debate in general has three uses: entertainment; persuasion; and knowledge. These aren’t mutually exclusive, but I’ll explain each of the three uses separately. Then I’ll tell you what I know about how to be successful at them.

To begin with, almost all media discourse about politics and ethics is about entertainment. This is what cable news, talk radio, and much of social media are largely for. People generally watch not because they expect to be persuaded, and people produce these media generally not because they expect to persuade anyone. Instead, it’s pure entertainment. We enjoy feeling good about ourselves. We feel good about ourselves when people tell us we’re correct about things and that the bad people are wrong and evil. And some of us enjoy being in the middle of these debates; we like to show off, or we just like the feeling of competition. Talking about political topics is also a major source of social bonding; people use political discourse to strengthen their social relationships. We get together with our friends and family and talk about how the other side is evil.

What it means to be a pretty girl or a handsome guy stems from multiple sources in society. These characteristics vary, depending on gender and the internalization of these ideas. Female body ideals are strongly associated with thinness, large breasts, and other signifiers of "sexiness." Male ideals are associated with leanness, but more specifically with muscularity. These body ideals come from society itself and what is portrayed in the media. As they become older, women and men watch, internalize, and attempt to become the ideal body. Internalization causes negative effects on both men and women. They began to work for these unrealistic bodies, and most fail to do so. This failure causes a psychological toll because they feel the only way to be desirable and acceptable is by having these ideal body images. The high level of desire to achieve the ideal status leads to drastic measures, such as plastic surgery.

Have you ever been to a gender reveal or baby shower? If so, then you have probably noticed that the color scheme was pink if it was a girl, or blue if it was a boy; this is a perfect example of a stereotype. However, this stereotype is not very extreme when it comes to the emotional effects it has, unlike the stereotypes faced by woman, such as the common belief that beauty is only skinny. Today’s society holds women to a high standard through their stereotypical view of what a woman should be.

So That I May


I don’t walk backwards

I don’t dwell in the past

I don’t look back

I don’t repeat the same mistake

I don’t give trust

Every so often, we hear or use, to some extent, the phrase “women are so emotional”and it has become so engraved in our minds that we do not even question it. This phrase however, is not as objective as we have made it to be overtime. Rather, differences of emotionality between genders has a lot more to do with gender roles and expectations than the reality of emotional experience. Emotionality involves the concepts of emotional experience, emotional expression, as well as perception of emotions, all of which are intertwined with social norms and stereotypes (Bosson, Vandello, & Buckner). Consequently, men and women express emotions within the context of what is acceptable and expected of their gender. Among other consequences, gender-based differences in emotionality have an effect on heterosexual relationships, especially when it comes to communication of emotions.

Winter 2019 Edition


Editor's Note:

Hi everyone!

Happy New Year! My name is Hana Blalack and I am your editor for the Fall 2018 and Spring 2019 semesters. The Winter 2019 edition of Spring Hill's PAX Magazine features a variety of works such as song lyrics, poems, infographics, and short papers. Each one of these fellow Badgers put time and effort into their works, so thank you all for contributing to our Peace and Justice Magazine. I hope you all had a wonderful Fall semester, and I hope that the spring semester brings you all nothing but blessings and joy!

Your editor,

Hana Blalack

The Hate U Give

The Hate U Give (2018) might be one of the most controversial and polarizing movies of the year, and that’s solely down to its touchy subject matter. During this heated political climate that we live in, many might not give The Hate U Give a proper chance, but it’s good, really good. It has some flaws no doubt, but it does tackle its heavy themes in a logical and great way, especially through exceptional filmmaking and more importantly, through a fantastic cast and acting.

Eating vegan for a week was singularly the most frustrating experience I have had on this campus to date. I love a challenge, but I never would have guessed the sheer amount of animal products I consume in a week. It felt like I couldn’t eat anything and whenever I felt there was no way there were any animal products in my food, I would be proved wrong. This is a pervasive problem and 43% of former vegan/vegetarians cite difficulties with keeping meat and animal- based products out of their diets (Herzog, 2014). The three pivotal things I had difficulties with this week were restaurants, the cafeteria, and hanger.

Intentions of abandonment courses through my blood
Creation worthy of destruction embedded in this love
YOLO was the mantra of my being
“here for a good time not a long time” is the reason for my demise
Maybe if I had the choice I would be wise
Enough not to cause grief from my untimely manifestitation
My false conception gave me an idea of voluntary creation
Indeed, now I have a sense of jealousy 
For the worthy beings
Who understood the planned
Creation is worth

“Audrie and Daisy” is a documentary that tackles the issue of stigma and victim-blaming in sexual assault victims through the example of two young women who were raped by men who were ’friends’ of theirs. This is an disheartening documentary that shows the quickness of the community to discount the victim’s story and to automatically believe the perpetrator, while providing excuses that blame the victim’s actions and appearance. It is important that we find the basis of this thought process and propose a new model of thinking to help ease the pain that sexual assault victims endure following the reporting (or the decision to not report) of a violent act against them.

Sunflowers and Ivory Towers (Slam Poem)

I became a revolutionary the moment I walked out the door

I was wearing a black dress with sunflowers and met every stare

With a “what are you fucking staring for”

Every sideways glance with a lance to the chest

And every sly comment with a comet

Hurtling straight through every bigots breasts

Books and films are the main media sources for most American citizens and have been for decades. Yet over the last few decades a newer and more immersive form of media has appeared in American culture: video games. 150 million Americans play video games, and most are probably familiar with the more popular franchises (“Industry Facts”, n.d.). One of those popular franchises would be the Mario series, a set of games that revolve around a plumber saving a princess from her evil turtle-like kidnapper. The newest installment, Mario Odyssey, follows Mario as he attempts to save Princess Peach from her forced wedding with Bowser. Examining the parts that Peach and Pauline play in the game reveals several traditional gender stereotypes, but also new roles for women within the Mario franchise.

You vote for a racist
You elect a rapist
You choose the one that hates

We decided not to vote
We decided to stay quiet
We decided to allow this to happen

Come together
Come and vote
Come and realize that you're not actually woke

Beaten but Not Broken 

By Ashley Weaver 


Torn clothes and a battered woman 

Alone, crying, wondering 

Why did she drink so much? 

Why did she go off alone? 

Why did she wear such provocative clothes?

So, she sits. 

Prisonization: America’s Expanding Prisons and Their Effects on the Mind

Prisonization is a term first coined by Donald Clemmer in his 1940 book The Prison Community, where he defines it as “the taking on, in greater or lesser degree, of the folkways, mores, customs, and general culture of the penitentiary”(Clemmer, 1968). Prisons and their social conditions had not been in the public’s concern until about the late 1800s when scholars began to publish works ruminating on the important role that prisons play in a society. Around this time, Dostoevsky wrote “the degree of civilization in a society is revealed by entering its prisons.” If one was to follow this guideline when looking at the United States prison system, they might think that it was a much less developed society stricken with poverty. This is concerning, especially since the “U.S. [incarceration] rates have consistently been between four and eight times those for these other nations” (Haney, 2017) The other countries being compared here are Japan, Australia, the U.K., and the Netherlands. At the same time as this incarceration rate’s expansion, allocation of funds for “prisoner services or inmate programming” (Haney, 2017) has been nearly stagnant in comparison. These figures are particularly disturbing when one realizes how detrimental these substandard prison conditions affect the minds of the prisoners that inhabit them. The current dreadful conditions seen in U.S prisons, in combination with an unprecedented incarceration rate, put the country on track to be releasing hundreds of ill adjusted prisoners who pose an even bigger threat than they did before being locked up.

Social Justice Through Music

Music is the language of the world. Music has the power to convey messages to audiences larger and wider than any news source, website, or media outlet. Some musicians and groups have begun to understand the power of their influence and used that influence to spread messages about social justice. For the most part these messages have been criticized. “Just stick to entertaining” is what the masses have requested. I disagree, I feel that the power to advocate and speak out through music and lyrics should be used as a tool to teach and disseminate knowledge about the social issues facing our society today. For this project I have sampled a series of recent songs with lyrics that do just that.  

Spring 2018 Edition

PAX logo

Hello Badgers,

I hope you all have had a wonderful semester and are preparing for a productive and fun summer! This is the last semester I will be serving as PAX editor and will passing down my role to the two new editors, Hana Blalack and Angelika Luc! It's been fun on the Hill, and I'm going to miss you all! Let's go kill it, Class of 2018! It's so amazing that we go to such an incredible college dedicated to social justice inside and outside of the classroom. This edition features all types of work, and I am thrilled with the amount of submissions we have received this year!

Thank you to all of the contributors for your insightful pieces of work and of course, we couldn't do this without Dr. Jamie Franco-Zamudio! 

Take care everyone!

Your editor,

Olivia Miller

Growing up, we were always taught that a woman main job is to take care of the children at home while men go out to work and provide for their family. In today’s society, things have changed tremendously and there is now more gender equality when it comes to the roles we are supposed to have within our homes and community. We, as children, have been shown at a young age that our mothers are supposed to be more nurturing and provide more personal care to us when we need it.

“In any given moment we have two options: to step forward into growth or to step back into safety.” – Abraham Maslow

The most discouraging feeling is logging onto Facebook to see once favored friends and family applauding the election of Trump with their only words of wisdom saying, “Finally! A president who speaks his mind!”. In the time of Trump, the heavy weight placed upon women, the LGBTQ community, people of color, immigrants, and alliances of these groups only grew heavier. However, what we do need is the alliance of these groups. Younger generations are fighting to protect their lives against loose gun laws and it is scaring these politicians.

Mr. President, how long must women wait for liberty?

I made this poster for Women's March this year. It was based off of a sign used by the National Women's Party in 1917 when women were pushing for the right to vote. I thought it was a good time to reuse it as women push for recognition of sexual harassment and abuse, equal pay, and a number of other issues including how women of color experience racism on top of sexism.

Disney movies are loved by people of all ages throughout the world and are some of the highest-grossing films in the industry. However, Disney movies began imprinting on our brains since we were children, filling our innocent heads with gender stereotypes and gender roles. Gender stereotypes are shared beliefs about the traits, qualities, and tendencies associated with different sex categories. Some stereotypes women and girls have to face are have to dress in feminine ways and being polite, accommodating and nurturing.

One in every five women will experience sexual assault in their lifetime (Klement 2016). Approximately one half of the population is female and twenty percent of them will experience sexual assault. That is an outstanding number of people who suffer will from something with long-lasting effects. Rape culture perpetuates ideas that lead and attempt to justify to sexual assault. The four major factors promoting rape culture are rape myth acceptance, victim blaming, normalization of sexual violence, and hostile sexism.

If you went to Wells Fargo at noon on March ninth

You were mistaken to think you should fear for your life

You see, the protesters there were within their rights

It’s the bankers and shareholders whom you should fight



The 20-foot banner did boldly confide

To any of the masses willing to hear

Let me tell you why it’s the bank that you should fear


On top of finding out that they open false accounts,

And charge poor people ridiculous amounts,

For Joe Hill and Joan Baez


It was Joe Hill, who never died,
Shot by firing squad for leading strikes.
A man without money, land, or claim
He led us against the Starvation Army brigade.
Songs to the tune of a hymnal prayer
About union scabs and preacher’s long hair.


“I won’t be found dead in Utah, I swear.”

“Don’t mourn, organize!”
They shouted from hilltops
And from factory lines.

The Wobblies wrote ballads
To remember and praise

“All of Western nations have been caught in a lie, the lie of pretended humanism.” This statement took me back to being 19 years old in 1993. I was walking out of a store and I saw an elderly white lady struggling to open a door. I immediately went to assist her, opened the door for her, and asked if I could help her to her vehicle.

James Baldwin’s interpretation of American life in light of the turmoil surrounding civil rights comes at an advantage. Without disregarding the other important struggles of many Blacks, Baldwin’s absence in America allows him to view issues in a more global lens. In the recount of his time and the events surrounding this issue, Baldwin gives viewers every aspect he can of civil rights. Evers, King, and Malcolm X’s approaches to the issues provide various angles, giving a more well-rounded insight in which Baldwin accounts.

Women throughout the world are victims of being overcharged for everyday items and tasks, such as dry cleaning, automobile services, health insurance and deodorant. This mishap is known as “gender pricing,” and it has resulted in women paying more, yet receiving less (Goldman, 2012). Gender pricing should not be a factor in the lives of everyday women, since it is a form of discrimination.

In this maelstrom of a world, an expecting mother can easily be swept away by life’s stressors. Pregnancy is an intricate process that can be adversely affected by many factors. Usually, physical factors tend to dominate the physician’s radar when discussing adverse birth outcomes. Psychological factors, however, can have just as large an impact on the vitality of a fetus, but are often overlooked. The mental health of an expectant mother can be a precursor to adverse outcomes such as preterm birth and low birth weight. Simply put, Infants born weighing less than 3.31 lbs.

They say everyone has an American Dream.

I ask what do they really mean?

They say it’s that something that’ll make you grind for weeks.

I say “Oh really?!” Because I’ve been working nonstop, with little to no sleep.


Shift after shift, making minimum wage.

Old Testament Knowledge

Check out this YouTube link to see Kameron at the last MOCC Talent Show with "Old Testament Knowledge"

As I sit, anguishing in my broken disguise,

And these men walk amongst me calling me friend,

I know that the peel back of these emaciated barricades

would lead to the utter destruction of my face.


As long as I am here, I:

Will see them break against every aspect of my being.

Will see them berate people like me.

Will know the statistics should I be uncovered.

Will hear the things that, in mixed company, would not be uttered.

Will be called a name that I long burned away;

Spring 2017 Edition

PAX logo

Hello Spring Hill Community,

I hope you all have had a wonderful semester and are preparing for an incredible summer vacation. I know we have all been working hard this year and are one step closer to graduation. And to the Class of 2017, go conquer the world! It's so incredible to be fortunate enough to attend an institution dedicated to social justice inside and outside of the classroom. 

This edition is dedicated to pieces with a central theme of equality and basic human rights.

Thank you to all of the contributors for your insightful pieces of work and of course, the lovely Dr. Jamie Franco-Zamudio! 

Your editor,

Olivia Miller

I chose to analyze a song for my media source because the impact the music we listen to has on us is very important to how we perceive society’s norms of behavior, word usage, and cultural attitudes towards certain situations. During Christmas time as I was listening to my favorite Christmas song, “Baby, It’s Cold Outside”, I found the classic lyrics to be a little troubling falling upon the ears of a more aware, college-age current self.

Like former South African President Nelson Mandela said, “There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires.” This meant something to me when I read it the first time because I was reminded of the struggles I had to go through in order to “climb the mountaintop of [my] desires” and find peace in my world that I lived.

While the practice of slavery was abolished almost two hundred years ago, today over twenty-seven million people are victims of modern day slavery (Hodge, 2014). Modern day slavery, or human trafficking, is defined as “the trade of human beings for the purpose of exploitation, typically in the form of commercial sexual exploitation or forced labor” (Androff, 2010 in Hodge, 2014, p. 111). Human trafficking can be defined in terms of either sex trafficking or labor trafficking.

I saw Moonlight 3 days before the election of Donald J. Trump (P45). At the time, I believed I lived in an imperfect world where hope still loomed and progress was never too distant. I was eager to see that world reflected in the stories of the film’s character Chiron, who I had never seen but already knew. Though a stranger, I knew Chiron’s story was needed to elucidate the experiences of a community rendered invisible.  Black queer men have been pigeonholed to academic journals that limit us to DL culture, where our only contribution was to the HIV/AIDs epidemic.

In the Time of the Butterflies tells the true story of the Mirabals, four sisters who led a resistance against the dictator, Rafael Trujillo, in the Dominican Republic in the 1960s. The four Mirabal sisters, Patria, Dede, Minerva, and Maria Theresa, lived in a rural area of the Dominican Republic and their father ran a mildly successful farm. The movie shares the sisters’ early lives, their schooling days, the growth of their family, and later, how they became involved in the revolution that took place against Trujillo.

50 Feet From Syria is a documentary that follows a Syrian-American surgeon, Dr. Hisham Bismar, on his journey to saving lives during the war zone. The Syrian Civil War has been waging for five years, and has only gotten worse as the years continue. The conflict originally began when civilians peacefully protested the government and the government responded with violence and torture of the civilians. Five years later, there are a multitude of different rebel groups fighting against the government, which has caused the country to be in a massive state of war.

In order to try and get to know someone quickly or in passing, we try to identify which category we can best put them in. This approach is common, and successfully determining where someone fits promotes comfortability and a sense of knowing exactly who that person is before they get a chance to tell you. I believe that when you assume someone identifies with a socially normal term, you risk offending them. While at work, I avoid using gender specific terms because I have been made aware that not everyone conforms to the short list that consists of “he” or “she”.

Body image is a mental picture that a person creates and perceives that may or may not be how others view that person’s body. These attitudes a person experiences exist in both sexes and can be carried with them through their entire life (Cash, 2004). Researchers have often questioned how, over time, body image has become more of a life burden. Between young children, women, and men, media has played a leading role in how society is now affected by the unrealistic view of a person’s body. Body image dissatisfaction is not uncommon and tends to affect the quality of someone’s life.

Media in the form of pornography is something that people consider taboo to talk about.  It may be because people are uncomfortable with their own bodies, let alone perfectly airbrushed strangers’.  However, the representation of different genders in pornography needs to be talked about.

Nella Larsen’s depiction of Helga Crane in Quicksand (1928), highlights the complexities of racial indeterminacy and the quest for self-realization by persons of mixed ancestry—specifically people of both African and Caucasian descent—in America. The novel is not intended to be representative of every biracial person’s experience, but it is representative of  a racial identity that is often times over looked as a unique race category. Helga, the novel’s heroine, suffers from depression, isolation, and disillusionment throughout the course of her life.

They say it’s all a cycle,

That I’m lazy, addicted, and worthless.

When I ask for a chance of employment,

I’m countered with a comment mirthless.

I don’t know where I’ll sleep,

Or what I’ll do for meals.

I don’t think they even care

About how being homeless feels.

The chains can’t be broken.


They say that I can’t

Because of my dress.

They prefer John or David

Because women know less.

If I cry, then they say

That I am weaker than them.

Should I just quit

Spring 2016 Edition

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

Hi PAX people!

As this semester comes to a close it only seems natural to reflect on the year and the lessons we all have learned along the way. I personally feel so lucky to have been even partially involved in PAX during my senior year on The Hill. This magazine has opened countless doors to the introspective aspects of my experience of social justice, globally, and even more so through Spring Hill College.

We are given such incredible opportunities as students at this institution to take on social injustices and make changes. We are surrounded by so many injustices and inequalities, locally and globally, that demand our attention and crave our assistance. I have seen through the faculty and the students how well Spring Hill equips us for this challenge. The Jesuit ideals supply us with the knowledge to see the injustices, hand us the tools to take up the calling, then motivate us to take action.

These PAX writings have inspired me to find and pursue my passions using every tool this education has given me. I hope and know they will do the same for you.

Thank you to all the talented and brilliant people who submitted their beautiful works, and thank you to Dr. Jamie Franco-Zamudio for all the hard work she does for PAX, and for all those that cross her path. 

Abby Coakley, PAX Editor

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

Malala Yousafzai was born on July 12, 1997 in Mingora, Pakistan. Ever since childhood, she has been an advocate for girls’ education. She attended a school founded by her father, but after the Taliban began attacking girls’ schools in her hometown of Mingora, Pakistan, Malala gave a speech entitled “How dare the Taliban take away my basic right to education?” This resulted in the group issuing a death threat against her, but this did not stop the dedicated young girl. Malala and her family initially believed that the Taliban would not actually harm a child, but this proved to be wrong. On October 9, 2012, a man boarded the bus in which Malala was riding home from school and fired shots at her. The shooting left Malala in critical condition and resulted in the removal of a portion of her skull to treat her swelling brain. The shooting resulted in a massive outburst of support for the activist, which continued throughout her recovery.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

WHAT am I painting? I am painting portraits of Men and women who are not only friends of mine but  that are also part of the LGBT community. Depending on the person, the composition is either a three- quarter view or profile portrait. The portraits are painted in black and white, because I want the focus to be on what they have in common rather than how they are different. The canvases are very textured because it signifies that even though there are imperfections or bumps in the road they are still here.

WHAT am I using? The preparations for the painting are just as important as the painting itself.  I take all my own photographs to make sure that my portraits are exactly what I want. My subjects are told to sit down, relax , and think.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016
Today we live in the best of times 
And the worst of times 
We live in an epoch of belief 
Followed by epochs of incredulity 
Incredulity that raised two young boys 
One is Lamar, the other is Amir 
Now this incredulity that is so abundant in society 
Caused Lamar to fall of the wagon that was his piety 
He used to pray daily 
But now he just hopes that he isn't someone's daily prey 
And Amir never believed in God to begin with 
Because how can a child be born into Hell 
When the hands that sinned weren't his
Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016
  • People benefiting from gender neutral bathrooms include: Those nonconforming to their assigned gender, parents and caregivers whose children are a different gender from them, those with caregivers that are a different gender from them.
  • When creating a gender-neutral bathroom, it is important to educate others why they are important and address concerns they may have.

Mary Hutti
Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016
Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

During the Long Sixties, the world saw a universal push for social change and for better treatment towards all. In multiple countries around the world, groups that had faced second hand treatment or limited rights fought for equality and progress. One of the most pivotal progressive events during this time was the American Civil Rights Movement. Led by political and religious leaders as well as student activists, the movement focused on integration, civil rights and overall equality for Black Americans. The U.S.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

Let's split it,

and I ain't talkin bout a ticket,

they throwing pickets in Baltimore,

division has got em in a roar.

And casually allured

the casualties which alarmed

such a comfortable and complacent

place like ours.

We white folks could probably position our positional privilege

 into such a project that it may in fact benefit the projects.

But no, our religions stops at "don't have sex".

 But often fail to think about what happens next.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

This year, 2016, is an important year for women in politics in the United States. Hillary Clinton has a serious chance at becoming the Democratic Presidential Nominee. This is not the first year Clinton is running, she ran before in 2008 against now President Barack Obama, nor is it the first time that a woman has vied for the presidency, Carly Fiorina was also an option for the Republican Party’s nomination this year but has since dropped out of the race. The Green Party has also had a handful of women presidential candidates. The presidency, however, is not the only office in which women have received the short end of the stick, in the Senate, House of Representatives, and the Supreme Court, women have never been proportionally represented. The realm of American politics has been dominated by males since the founding fathers in 1776. This lack of participation may likely stem from a society which implicitly tells women that they can’t participate or that they are not good enough to participate in politics on the national level.


Don't Be Trashy II

Wanda Sullivan and her students partner with the Foley Center to paint trash cans at Dotch Community Center
Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016
Dotch Community Center
Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

Influential Historical Figure

            Sally Ride was the first American woman astronaut to enter space. She was born on May 26, 1951 in Los Angeles. Growing up there were few role models for Sally to model her future career after. She attended Stanford University where she graduated with a degree in physics and English. She continued her study of physics at Stanford and attained a Ph.D. in 1978. After her graduation she was selected from 1,000 other applicants for NASA’s astronaut program. While training in the program she faced criticism and sexism both from within NASA and from the media. She was one of only five women in the astronaut program. The rest of the future astronauts were men and typically ex-fighter pilots. Ride was not the first woman in space, two Russian women had achieved the feat before her, but the American press was uninterested in their accomplishment. The press began asking Ride and the other women now seemingly senseless questions like how they expected to go to the bathroom or merely function in space. Despite the questioning of her capabilities, she became the first American woman in space on June 18, 1983.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

To whom it may concern,

Did you know Spring Hill College has a Students for Life organization on campus? It is possible that you haven’t due to the organization’s inactive state. Students for Life is not exclusive to Spring Hill, it is a nationwide organization that is devoted and committed to raising awareness for the abolition of abortion. People from all around the country can relate to each other because of their support for this cause. Every campus’ Students for Life organization is unique, but they all have one thing in common; they are providing a voice for the voiceless.

Let me begin by saying that the intent of this letter is not to attack the pro-choice agenda or the supporters of that agenda. Rather, the goal is to appeal to young pro-life activists to not only be more active, but to become active in more creative and effective ways. The current inactive status of Students for Life is a problem that should be fixed for the good that can come out of this organization for the community.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016


  • Sex- one’s anatomical sex, with which they were born
  • Gender- the perception of one’s sex as a part of society, with which they identify
  • Transgender- people whose gender identity does not align with their anatomical sex


  • In a national study of K-12 student:

○      Children reporting verbal harassment based on gender expression- 55.2%

○      Children reporting physical harassment based on gender expression- 22.7%

○      Children reporting physical assault based on gender expression- 11.4%

  • In a national study of transgender adults, 15% reported leaving school at some point from kindergarten to college because of gender expression-based harassment
  • Not enough statistics have been gathered regarding transgender youth and depression/suicide, but one study found that 45% have seriously considered suicide
  • Recent data has suggested that at least 1 in 500 people are transgender


Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

There are many forms of entertainment for individuals to choose from, with music being one of the most popular – approximately 124 million Americans listen to online radio every month (Stutz, 2014). People use music to help regulate emotions and there is typically a song for every mood, while each artist is trying to convey something different with their music to attract listeners. Unfortunately, some of the most popular artists use suggestive lyrics that are often portrayed to an audience who may not completely comprehend the undertones of certain lyrical messages. Songs such as Ciara’s “Like a Boy” (2007), in which she expresses her contempt for being female and that life as a “boy” would be much easier – “Wish we could switch up the roles, and I could be that; tell you I love you but when you call, I never get back,” – depict an attitude towards dating culture in which men have the upper hand and women are supposed to be subservient. Other songs such as “Crack” (2 Chainz, 2012) perpetuate rape culture with lyrics including “I take ya girl and kidnap her, beat her to my mattress,” in which he suggests kidnapping another man’s girlfriend or wife and presumably forces her to have sex with him. Since these messages are widely broadcasted among radios everywhere, how do they affect the individuals listening? Are these words pushing people to act a certain way, or more specifically, conform to their gender role?  This paper will examine the arguments that hip-hop music makes a contribution to the perception of one’s gender roles and how he/she is supposed to perform such a role.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

This paper focuses on gendered stereotypes and how they have shaped the ideals, expectations, and behaviors of men and women. The purpose of the topic is to bring awareness to the oppression these stereotypes have placed on both men and women. These beliefs are taught to children by Social Role Theory, internalized, and reiterated, which only continues the cycle. Young boys and girls are experiencing depression at high rates: boys are experiencing depression linked to suicide and girls are being over diagnosed. Many believe that mothers and fathers are contributing to the problem by performing stereotypical gender roles in the home and workplace.

Darian Price
Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016
Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

The election of Barack Obama as President of the United States of America was heralded as the coming of a new age of race relations in America. Nearly 50 years after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the issue of race was deemed no longer relevant, nothing more than a ghost left to haunt the hollows of America’s past. Fast forward to 2016 and Pres. Obama is now viewed by some as the “great divider”, an individual who he alone has set race relations back 100 years. His policies and demeanor have been deemed so appalling to the public he served that he has forced the Americans to embrace the segregationist and protectionist ideologies of a forgone era. If we are to believe one man wielded such an enormous amount of control over the population, then we regrettably have already failed as a nation. A more plausible theory is that the jubilation, comradery, and racial harmony following his election were merely a façade, a mask hiding the scars that discrimination and racial tension continue to etch on the face of America the beautiful.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

The stereotyping of black men based on his masculinity and hardness is something that has been going on for a long time. The black man has been viewed in a specific way since he is expected to behave in a certain way. Influences of rappers have significantly affected the way the black man is considered. This paper seeks to explore the stereotypes of black men. More often than not, a black man is expected to portray a particular form of hardness to qualify as a real man. Many are the times that people have implied that black rappers are less of credible and valuable artists especially when they fail to meet the criteria of being gangster enough. A good example is when Drake is accused of being a lesser rapper because he does not pass as a gangster, which is the society’s expectation of the black man (Lewis, 2008).

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

During our psychology of gender class, having to dress up the opposite of how I usually dress was very interesting. Because I scored so high on masculinity, femininity, and androgyny, I decided that I would dress up extremely feminine because how I usually dress to class includes leggings and a big t-shirt with a sweatshirt. So for class I decided to wear a dress with black booties, and a standout necklace. When walking out of my room I was nervous, I never dress like this for class so it was definitely an adjustment for not only me but for people around me.

Dotch Community Center
Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

Winter 2016 Edition

Wednesday, January 13th, 2016

Hello PAX Readers!

I hope everyone is off to a great semester, along with a great 2016. This past New Year, I had a multitude of wishes. I had so many wishes that it would be nearly impossible to list each and every one. However, above everything, my most important wish was for everyone in this world to find a little more peace. May we as a society stop feeding into and creating the bad news and negativity in this world and may we as individuals find more peace within ourselves during a time when anxiety, depression, and so much more plague so many of us. Perhaps the first step to happiness for many is simply to find a little peace in life, with a situation, with the world or within oneself.

So many events infected the world this past year: the attack on Charlie Hebdo in Paris, the Nepal Earthquake, and the Charleston Church shooting. Nevertheless, despite these terrible events there were also numerous positive occurrences: Supreme Court decision for marriage equality, Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her legacy, Target announced the end of gender-labeling its toys, and New Horizons spacecraft gave the world the clearest views of Pluto we’d ever seen. We need to remember that with all the bad, there is still so much good. To some, the New Year (or this new semester) was just another day. To others, it was a page-turn to a new chapter someone so desperately wanted to write. Whatever it may have been for you, I hope above all that you PAX readers find a comforting sense of living peace in 2016.

I would like to thank Dr. Jamie Franco-Zamudio for all her help with this edition along with all of those who contributed!

Peace and Love,

CaraJean Robertson

Monday, January 11th, 2016

     There are many different variables that come into play when you consider the relationship between the white man and the black man. Specifically, slavery has left a permanent social issue between the two groups. As social psychologists, we want to determine how we can fix or lessen the social gap between whites and blacks. To understand the root of the problem, we’d have to look back in the past at the struggles that the two groups have had. The movie Straight Outta Compton, would be a great film to watch and observe the struggles presented to the two groups.

Monday, January 11th, 2016

The following submission is in response to the following article: and writing prompt: Like Gerald Mitchell, dig deep to identify and explain how you personally can treat people more justly. Describe what treating people fairly and humanely looks like to you. How might your actions make a difference where you live (school and community)? In greater society?


Albert Einstein said that “only a life lived in the service to others is worth living”2, and I prefer to say, only a life lived in complete awareness of the injustices that face others is worth living. Throughout my life, I have always made service an important part of my life because it allows me to experience people and parts of the world I would never be able to understand otherwise. I have always felt the call to service because I want to use my talents and the privileges I have as tools to help others who do not live as comfortably as I live. Through my service experiences, I have been made aware of many injustices that have continued to be problems from the past into today’s modern world, and I have been motivated to be passionate about social justice as well as service through my time at Spring Hill College. Because of the fundamental similarity in our humanness, I try to treat others with fairness by understanding as best I can each person’s unique background and life story because with awareness comes understanding. Awareness of injustices and bringing about social change takes courage, a deep understanding of humanity, and the willingness to be challenged, and I try to treat others fairly by becoming more aware daily of my surroundings and challenging others to become aware as well.

Monday, January 11th, 2016

The following submission is in response to the following article: and writing prompt: Like Gerald Mitchell, dig deep to identify and explain how you personally can treat people more justly. Describe what treating people fairly and humanely looks like to you. How might your actions make a difference where you live (school and community)? In greater society?


            In order to correctly determine how it is that we as both individuals and a society treat people more justly, it is important to operationally define justice.  I think that there’s more than one simple definition of what justice is or what it means to treat someone justly. There are, in a sense, dimensions of justice that need to be evaluated both internally and externally. The first dimension revolves around the idea that justice is an internal struggle that each and every individual in today’s society, driven by convenience, contemplates. We as humans have this desire for a belonging, and a tendency to do what is fair. Humans want things to remain in the natural balance of things. This eye for an eye concept however, needs to be dismissed. Unrealistic forces no longer drive us internally. We should feel morally obligated to help one another. Personally, it is difficult to treat others with a just mindset when we live in such an unjust society via structural influences. This is not to say that on an individual level we are not capable of being just to one another. This reflects the other dimension of what justice is. This dimension, the external one, is based off of actions that can be performed once the internal dimension has been solidified within our minds. I can choose to act however I feel to be just, but it must be based on morality. The common good, the general welfare of all other people should be the driving force in the actions we perform. Just actions and treatment of others can only result from the liberation of bias. This treatment could involve various actions, as long as they are driven by the primary factor, the genuine concern for the welfare of others.

Infographic Patagonia
Wednesday, January 13th, 2016
Monday, January 11th, 2016


She scrubs and scrubs but can't seem to get rid of her filth,

Because no matter what, she will always live with the guilt.

No matter what, it will always be her fault.

But right is right & wrong is wrong, well at least that's what she thought.


Her family was concerned, but for only a few days,

Just enough time to switch up the blame.

"Shouldn't have drank so much, that's what you get"

"Why were you wearing those clothes, which were too promiscuous?"


Wednesday, January 13th, 2016

The following submission is in response to the following article: and writing prompt: Like Gerald Mitchell, dig deep to identify and explain how you personally can treat people more justly. Describe what treating people fairly and humanely looks like to you. How might your actions make a difference where you live (school and community)? In greater society?


Every human- white or black, rich or poor- has a connection to another. When I began reading Gerald Mitchell’s article “I Can’t Breathe Until Everyone Can Breathe,” I already felt connected to him because he mentioned Ferguson. I am from a small town in Illinois about 45 minutes outside of Ferguson. And after the death of Eric Garner, I immediately saw the negative effects. Internally, I was enraged and wanted to take action. Far too many times I had heard the cases of police brutality against African Americans, often ending in death. But when I brought up the topic with a few of my black peers, I vividly remember receiving the response “How does this affect you?” Although I lived where they did, came from a similar social class as them, and even went to the same school, they thought the death of another human wouldn’t impact me because I wasn’t black.


Wednesday, January 13th, 2016
Monday, January 11th, 2016

Clean the house

Cook the meals

Take care of the kids

Have a successful job


Do not overeat

Stay in shape

Look pretty

Act like lady


Is this what defines women?

I am strong

I am unique

I am smart

I am beautiful

Wednesday, January 13th, 2016

The following submission is in response to the following article: and writing prompt: Like Gerald Mitchell, dig deep to identify and explain how you personally can treat people more justly. Describe what treating people fairly and humanely looks like to you. How might your actions make a difference where you live (school and community)? In greater society?

Every day in my life, I will meet a human who is not like me. We may be exactly alike, we may be different, we may be of the same ethnic background, and we may not. Yet, as I look into these people’s eyes, I see myself, and everyone I’ve ever met. We may be different on the outside, but we will always be the same on the inside. Nothing I will ever do will give me the right to hate them.

Wednesday, January 13th, 2016

We are living in a place where the innocent are being dehumanized and slaughtered because of hatred. We are living in a place where the poor and the disabled are being taken advantage of because of their lack of resources. We are living in a place where people are opposed to helping others because of religion. We are living in a world where society wants to take but doesn't have the heart to give. We are living in a selfish world full of selfish people. We need a change.

Monday, January 11th, 2016

            High School is an important part in many adolescents’ lives. Stereotypes have been a large part of the high school experience as well as the amount of pressure that comes with the high school experience. These stereotypes and pressures that come along with high school inadvertently place labels on teens and can cause different psychological issues to arise. This film creates a different look at stereotypes and tries to break behind the mask of some of the most popular stereotypes and pressures in high school.

Fair Trade
Wednesday, January 13th, 2016
Monday, January 11th, 2016

            In today’s society we often over look bullying and reduce it to just “kid’s being kid’s” but when you are the victim of relentless bullying for several years you begin to look at it as a social justice issue. Although on the surface it seems too trivial to label it social justice we have to remember that social justice is simply equality for all. In a world where we belittle the act of bullying is not creating equality for all.  We are in effect telling these victims that their feelings are not valid.

Wednesday, January 13th, 2016

The most important lesson I have learned this semester is that everything I encounter in my daily life can be studied with a social justice perspective. I have had the opportunity to expand my passion for social justice as a whole, which has changed my perspective on daily social interactions and my desire to do good in the world, one person at a time.

Cigarette waste
Wednesday, January 13th, 2016


Wednesday, January 13th, 2016

The following submission is in response to the following article: and writing prompt: Like Gerald Mitchell, dig deep to identify and explain how you personally can treat people more justly. Describe what treating people fairly and humanely looks like to you. How might your actions make a difference where you live (school and community)? In greater society?

I am a black man. In today’s society as a black man you already start off with 2 strikes against you. Strike 1 is because you are black, which means that people automatically see you in a violent or negative stereotypical way. Strike 2 is because you are a man. Being a man, biologically we are already stereotyped to be more aggressive than women. So, I was always taught that I had to be twice as good and also learn how to be a chameleon who can blend in and articulate his thoughts to any and everybody in order to succeed in life. To be culturally diverse is key.

Spring 2015 Edition

Wednesday, January 13th, 2016

Hello PAX Readers!

Summer is finally in bloom and as the end of May approaches I know many of you (as am I) will be partaking in various Memorial Day celebrations and festivities. Personally, I do not believe that enough individuals in America understand the weight and significance of Memorial Day. I know that in the past, even I myself have often times let the day pass without giving it much thought. 

 I once met a girl who had recently moved to the United States from South Africa. When I asked her what the biggest difference between America and South Africa was she responded, “Freedom and safety. I am not afraid to walk out of my house here, and that is the best feeling I have ever experienced.”

With the expeditious growth of social media, I know you all have seen tear-jerking “homecoming” videos of our courageous soldiers strewn across sites such as Facebook and Twitter. This Memorial Day, while you are out and about, take a moment to remember all of our veterans throughout history who did not get the chance to receive a homecoming. Take a moment, to appreciate the fact that because of their service to this country, you are able to walk out of your house and not be afraid. Take a moment, and grasp on to the true meaning of Memorial Day and those who have died honoring our country for your freedom. 

I hope you enjoy the most recent additions to PAX along with the rest of your Summer!



CaraJean Robertson 

Thursday, May 21st, 2015




Thursday, May 21st, 2015

Through my community service, I have experienced many challenges as well as benefits. When I began my journey at Spring Hill College, one of the conditions of my generous scholarship was to participate in a community service for at least three hours a week every week. The Foley Center has hundreds of service-sites to choose from, but I narrowed down the decision-making by avoiding services that I simply had no interest in rather than choosing a simple one. My first year at Spring Hill, my service was teaching English as a Second Language to adults who were refugees or immigrants.

We Live for Peace
Thursday, May 21st, 2015
Thursday, May 21st, 2015

Stereotype or Reality: A Look Into the Public Schools of Mobile, Alabama

Thursday, May 21st, 2015

Service Learning Project

Thursday, May 21st, 2015

Everyday I am taught to be practical, skeptical

Scientific processes teaching me to me methodical

No pleasure reading everything’s got to be analytical

No room for you here if what you’re saying isn't logical

People pulling the tight rope of my beliefs because what im feeling is paradoxical

because you say its an obstacle, not probable, impossible

but they say its simply biological, anatomical, not optional

Thursday, May 21st, 2015

A vast amount of students are in constant search for ways to insure the major they have selected to pursue is the correct career path for them. This is especially so for most psychology majors. Psychology majors are continuously on the hunt for ways to interact with the people around them to, hopefully, assist them in choosing the correct field of psychology for them. The more time they are able to spend with others, analyzing, teaching, even learning from them is allowing psychology students to gain both the field experience and involvement they desire.

Thursday, May 21st, 2015

For my service-learning opportunity I volunteered at Via, a local senior citizen program that enables seniors an opportunity to have fun, socialize, exercise, and be mobile. Via was a great place to volunteer at because the people there were very friendly, genuine, and fun. I liked serving at Via more than some of the other service sites I have volunteered at in the past because the atmosphere was very welcoming.

Thursday, May 21st, 2015

The way I personally defined compassion during my day of compassion was like wearing a pair of glasses that could see beyond what meets the natural eye and see into the second layer of people and actions throughout the day. It was being about to go the extra step to show humility and humbleness towards someone who I may not even acknowledge day to day. The main people that I extended compassion to the most were my two suitemates because I have a class with them, eat with them, and live with them.

Winter 2015 Edition

Thursday, May 21st, 2015

Hello PAX Readers!

I hope you all have had relaxing and fun-filled winter breaks thus far. As break progresses further and further along I’ve often times caught myself reflecting on this past semester, as I’m sure many of you all have too. One thing in particular that I’ve come to realize upon my reflection of not only this recent semester but also in creating this edition of PAX, is the importance of education in our world. I consider myself so blessed to have the opportunity to attend Spring Hill College, as it has provided me with more knowledge and possibility than I could have ever asked for. I don’t believe that many young people today fully grasp the notion that education is more than just reading, writing, and arithmetic. It helps to develop your perspective on the world around you and pushes you to think both creatively and conceptually about many different subjects. Education is one of the most crucial investments a country can make in its people and its future. With education, poverty and inequality can be eliminated.  It is truly a building block for a progressive future and I am here to ask you PAX readers, to take full advantage of it. I am asking you to strive for knowledge, strive for a better future, and ultimately a better you. 

I hope you enjoy this edition of PAX, and that the submissions allow you to see how education specifically provided by Spring Hill College, can help spread awareness to social justice. Also, many thanks to Dr. Jamie-Franco Zamudio for all of her help with this issue!


CaraJean Robertson

Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014

World peace is a far-fetched idea in today’s world.


Easy to say, hard to do.


But why can’t we work toward something that sounds good to me and you.


The question, though, is…What CAN we do…to make this world a peaceful one?


And to that, I say, erase from your brain the image of a knife, sword, or gun.


But not just that, we must also grab our No. 2 pencil.


And erase away all the other things that make evil a potential.


Rachel McNeil's Immersion Trip
Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014
Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014

Human Nature


Faith in itself has been lost

Greed and envy have come to replace

The world has been covered in a great arctic frost

that proceeds to eradicate; erase


Erase the truth of it all-

The indefinite reason why we all exist

Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014

    The gender reveal of a pregnancy is often an exciting time for parents who wish to discover the sex of their child before the baby is born. This revelation is often followed by purchases of colored coordinated items that a baby may need when they arrive. Over the past several decades, this entails blue items for baby boys and pink items for baby girls. This is the first of a long line of instances in which many parents reinforce socially constructed gender norms.

Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014

         An important social justice issue that continues to be ignored by members of society is the need for the recognition and appreciation of deaf people and the deaf culture. Many people in society feel that deaf people are members of society with a medical problem or a disability, but that should not let the members of society be judgmental towards deaf people. I can personally relate to this particular issue because I am a deaf individual. There is a clear distinction between being deaf and hearing impaired.

Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014

My experience of “gender bending” in our psychology class was interesting and thought provoking. Since my result on the BEM test was “feminine,” I dressed as the opposite, masculine. My outfit consisted of a backwards polo cap, sunglasses, a t-shirt, saggy basketball pants (with boxers showing), a huge watch, and calf high black socks. After putting on our outfits, my friend (dressed in a similar outfit) and I started to test our skills and attempt to act like men (masculine). I was shocked by how I acted.

Spring 2014 Edition

Spring 2014 Edition
Monday, December 29th, 2014
PAX logo

My Fellow PAX Readers!

I hope all of you are having a wonderful summer vacation so far! I would like to introduce myself as your new PAX editor for the upcoming year. I am hoping to continue the traditions of PAX while also bringing forth fun new changes to PAX magazine next school year and would love for you to all be involved. If you don’t know already, PAX has newly joined Twitter and Facebook so that you will easily be able to keep up with the progress of PAX.

This summer, I would like to encourage you to take a few minutes out of your day and become mindful of the social justice issues that are continuously ongoing in our world. For instance, acclaimed writer and poet Maya Angelou recently died at the age of 86. Throughout the United States some have called this much admired woman, "the voice of a generation" for her impacting contributions not only during the Civil Rights Movement but also throughout her entire life span.

In my opinion, Maya Angelou represents a great deal of what PAX stands for. Through her lasting influence to literature and beyond, she pushed for peace, education, and equality. Therefore, I challenge you, PAX readers, to remember Maya Angelou and her drive for justice as you embark on your own summer adventures. I look forward to hearing about your personal journeys and experiences come fall!

I hope you enjoy this issue of PAX and I would like to thank our contributors as well as Dr. Jamie Franco-Zamudio for her assistance with this issue. As well as former editor, Aislinn Shevlin and all of her contributions to PAX.


CaraJean Robertson


Thursday, January 30th, 2014


Thursday, June 5th, 2014

To Editor:

Thursday, June 5th, 2014

  There are two types of globalization; that which involves the market and the other that involves production.  Globalization of markets refers to the merging of historically distinct and separate national markets into one huge global market.  Globalization of production on the other hand, refers to the “sourcing of goods and services from locations around the globe to take advantage of national differences in the cost and quality of factors of production; such as labor, energy, land and capital” (Hill).  It is safe to say that the current standing of the world can owe its debts to globaliz

Thursday, June 5th, 2014

Currently across the whole world, the topic of homosexuality is being discussed. As we sleep there are people working to protect the rights of homosexuals.

Thursday, June 5th, 2014

Women are the victims of a system that sees them as a renewable and expendable resource. Because they are not seen as fully contributing and capable members of society, they are exploited with the mentality that their worth must be extracted.


Economic Exploitation

Thursday, June 5th, 2014

To Editor:

            In the United States we have many laws and corporations such as, the U.S Department of Labor, which were put in place to protect children as well as adults in the work place. There are laws that restrict business and corporations from employing children of certain ages and also their wages and working conditions. These different laws help keep children safe in the United States so they won’t be forced to work in sweatshops. But, should these laws apply to United States corporations that outsource labor to third world countries to have their product made?

Thursday, June 5th, 2014

Water pollution is a serious problem both nationally and globally. Toxins, heavy metals, and other pollutants can affect the taste, appearance, and most importantly, the safety of a community’s water supply. In the United States, in the city of Maywood, California, there are serious issues with water contamination that local governing bodies are attempting to rectify. There has been a great deal of press coverage about this community and the struggles it has had with cleaning up their water, and the local government has been transparent about legislation related to this issue.

Martha's Place Mural
Wednesday, May 1st, 2013
Thursday, June 5th, 2014

Claribel Alegria and her poem “I Am Mirror” takes a direct look at the social injustice and human right violations happening in Central America.  This poem is very powerful considering Alegria’s background and history of living in El Salvador at a time when the country was plagued with corruption and inhumanity.

Belize Mission
Friday, January 31st, 2014
Thursday, June 5th, 2014

There is constant debate on the legality of abortion and if it should be allowed or not. The truth is no matter where you stand morally on the issue, illegal abortion is unsafe abortion. Around the world, in countries where abortion is illegal, it remains a leading cause of maternal death. An estimated 68,000 women worldwide die each year from unsafe abortions (National Abortion Federation). Women should be allowed to make their own decision on the issue and be able to have safe access to quality healthcare.

Tuesday, May 6th, 2014
We are One

I suppose what it all comes down to is this:

We are universal.

We are one in the same.

We smile once -- and then know no translator could cross any language barrier like that.

Winter 2014 Edition

Message from the Editor
Tuesday, August 26th, 2014

Hello PAX Readers!

I hope you enjoy this issue as you prepare for Spring Break (even though it's still winter) and that you can engage with social justice issues on your vacations.  Whether you're on an Immersion trip abroad or catching beads at a Mardi Gras parade, you can make an impact just by increasing your own awareness of issues around you.  

I'm always a little sad when the Olympics end.  Even when I'm not invested in the sporting events, I love hearing examples of national pride and universal solidarity.  I was particularly interested in Sochi because of all the speculation and press surrounding Russia's anti-gay laws. Though the athletes were awe-inspiring, my favorite part of the Winter Games was seeing spectators, commentators and athletes show defiance of Russian laws without disrupting the peace. They proved that indirect impact can be just as empowering and revolutionary.  We can always choose to do something when we see injustice in practice.  

Thank you to our contributors and to Dr. Jamie Franco-Zamudio for her assistance with this issue and everything else she does. 

Aislinn Shevlin

Friday, February 28th, 2014

Touching down in this foreign country, I was ready to help you

You were the one who needed new clothes and toys,
You were the one who needed a new house, one that wasn’t built with mud and sticks.
You were the one who needed a tooth brush, for the few teeth you had left,
You were the one who needed pity, raising four boys in a hut.
You were the village that needed running water and electricity,
You were the one who needed help.

Friday, February 28th, 2014

After witnessing inhumane atrocities directed towards specific religious and ethnic groups during the Holocaust and the Second World War, humanitarians, religious figures, and political figures across the world were adamant about not enduring more of these hardships and “violations of human dignity” (Glendon, Loc 91). Consequently, the human rights project was initiated by the Allies of the United Nations to provide consolation to the countries and groups of people that had been significantly impacted by the World War. Thus, the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was started. As a whole the Universal Declaration of Human Rights “aimed at prevention” of violating or disregarding human rights (Glendon, Loc 111). However, the creators were posed with question of precisely what the document was protecting. With an early foundation of natural rights composed by previous philosophical thinkers, the writers believed the Declaration should contain civil, political, economic and social liberties.

Friday, January 31st, 2014

If you haven’t heard of Malala Yousafzai before, prepare to be amazed.  So far she’s become the youngest nominee for a Nobel Peace Prize and she’s won other humanitarian awards for her human rights activism and promotion of female education.  She’s taken on the Taliban and was shot in the face, almost fatally, for it. She’s addressed the United Nations and she’s now a published author.  Oh, did I mention she’s sixteen?

Friday, February 28th, 2014

Throughout my service experience, I have learned a variety of different things. First, I know that there is a little Shakespeare in everyone, no matter how young or old. Second, children can teach important lessons to adults just as much as adults to children. Third, imaginations are gifts every child receives, but most of the time, puts aside even at early ages. Fourth, I realize that even second graders like video games. Finally, even though you don’t mean you, you always, always get attached to your students.

Friday, February 28th, 2014

The definitions of the American family and of the nuclear family are changing. In the past, the typical family in theory consisted of a working father, a stay at home mother and, of course, well-rounded children. Today, less than 20 percent of American families fit into this cookie cutter image.  American households have never been more diverse. (Natalie Angier New York Times article).

Friday, February 28th, 2014

Spring Hill College’s mission statement states: “Forming leaders engaged in learning, faith, justice, and service for life.” I take pride in going to my community service area every week. It gives me a sense of joy and happiness to know that I am helping others and influencing them in a positive way.

Friday, January 31st, 2014

Beautiful baby boy
You are perfect
You are innocent
You can do no wrong
Beautiful little boy
Rebellious as can be
Confused and unsure
Of your heart
Beautiful young man
They tell you who to love
They tell you it's a choice
Beautiful young man
They tell you are wrong
You're sick
They say
A chemical imbalance
You can't love him
They tell you
Beautiful young man
They tell you
You are wrong
Stand up and tell them
Beautiful young man
They are wrong...


Friday, January 31st, 2014
I have been volunteering at ESL, English as a Second Language since I began attending Spring Hill College in August of 2012.  I am 75% Cuban, born and raised in Miami, so not surprisingly, Spanish was my first language.  Since I am familiar with both languages, I was placed in the foundations teaching class, an introductory to English. I can translate easily and I do it in a way that the students can understand since I know exactly how difficult it can be.
Friday, February 28th, 2014


They watched in unseen thought from their seats in Abney Park, both reflecting on the goals they had spent their lives working toward. Neither had seen those goals achieved in their lifetime, but others had picked up where they left and their work carried on long after they died.

“However long it took, it seems your vision eventually became reality,” the one on the right remarked.

Friday, February 28th, 2014

I love to help out a friend
Bringing kindness to a limit of no end
Like a rose that illuminates beauty
I illuminate my charm through my duty
Seeing their smiles shine so bright
Opens up a new chapter in life
Take care of someone in need
Plant seeds here and there
Let them grow everywhere
Because my seed has been planted
Growing everywhere it is wanted

Spring 2013 Edition

Tuesday, August 26th, 2014

Hello PAX Readers,

Welcome to the second edition of PAX.  I hope you're able to enjoy this issue in the calmness of post-exams as you get ready to enjoy the summer. I'm so happy about this issue because it comes at a time when we all need to remember how important it is to support each other.  Spring Hill is a small community, but it's a strong one too and recent events have solidified that for me.  The initial reaction to the Boston Bombings was devastation and panic, but quickly we all began to realize that not only were there good people left, but there are a lot more compassionate and kind people then there are terrorists and that is comforting.  It was amazing to witness on the news how small gestures like a hug or a blanket can make a huge impact on people who are suffering or scared.  Then, soon after the Boston tragedy, a student at Spring Hill received the terrible news that her older sister had been hit by a car and was seriously injured in the accident.  Support for the student and her family has been tremendous, from donations to prayers to wearing heels in solidarity, from people in the Spring Hill community and around the world.  There is always some way for us to help each other in the midst of crisis and chaos.  I think Spring Hill students will always choose to be an outlet of support in the lives of others and that's a pretty sweet legacy to leave behind.

Finally, keep in mind what Patton Oswalt said after the Boston bombings, "So when you spot violence, or bigotry, or intolerance or fear or just garden-variety misogyny, hatred or ignorance, just look it in the eye and think, 'The good outnumber you, and we always will.'"

Thank you to Dr. Jamie Franco Zamudio and Professor Wanda Sullivan for their help in creating this issue.

Aislinn Shevlin, editor 

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

To me, compassion is the realization that something is wrong with someone else, or the realization of a need that someone else has, and a want to help that person. During my participation in the day of compassion, I worked to act in this way, a compassionate way, with everyone I came in contact with. The compassionate acts began in the morning while I was getting coffee in Java City. The person in front of me in line was short on badger bucks after they ordered their coffee, so I pitched in and bought their coffee for them. Later that day, a friend asked me if I would wait and have lunch with them after their class so they wouldn’t have to eat alone. Instead of eating lunch when I got out of class, I opted to have a late lunch with her so that she would have company and not have to eat alone. At work that day, one of the secretaries called in sick, leaving the other secretary to have to finish all of the commencement mail outs by the end of the day on her own. I decided to stay late at work that day to help the secretary finish all the packets, so that they would be mailed out by the deadline. When a service group came around to my dorm “dorm storming” I gave them a donation to help their cause.

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

Yes, I lied.  You caught me.
I lied to you when I asked you for money on the street today.
I lied when I told you I had to pay eight dollars to stay at the homeless shelter.
And yes, I lied when I said that I came to this city a month ago.
And yes, I lied when I told you that I have a steady job during the day. 

But you know what I’ve never lied about?

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

             Throughout the wars in the Balkans, there was a lot of movement. Refugees were brought out of their city and into different countries. Families moved out of the chaos of the war and into safe places. Teens and young men left their country to avoid being demanded in the military. Although many people moved from their houses to safer land, not everyone returned. The population is dwindling in the Balkans, and not only from the war, but also from the aftermath of the war. Today, many young professionals seek their jobs elsewhere. They believe that bigger and better jobs are out there for them. Many people have also seemed to lose hope, and believe their country is not progressing fast enough. People are frustrated with their country and have either moved or are thinking of moving because of this frustration. There seems to be a general loss of hope in the country, and with loss of hope comes no real reason to stay in the former Yugoslavia.

            When the war first began, there were many young people who left their countries because they were thinking about their careers. Over 500,000 young professionals left Serbia during the war in order to escape from being in the army (1).  They did not want to have to serve in the war, but rather wanted to finish their own studies, or continue with their career. These young professionals fled to Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa if they were trying to seek a permanent home. They also stayed in Europe, and moved to other European countries. Many young professionals fled to Germany if they were looking for a temporary job (3). In 1994, Brian Casey was the current Canadian consul in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. At this time, he said that he received between one to two hundred applications for emigration every day, and had granted around 6,000 permanent visas that year (3). This was the amount of people who were just trying to leave to get to Canada. This happened in many other countries as well. Casey stated in the New York Times, “We’re getting applications from well-educated, highly qualified people” (3). Countries naturally have problems with keeping citizens, but usually this problem is with less educated people who try and make a better life for themselves elsewhere. There becomes a problem when the college educated citizens look elsewhere to find a job. It creates a huge problem with the economy of that country. There are less professionals to do the jobs that should be done by an highly educated person. What happens to a country that cannot keep the doctors, lawyers, bankers, and the businessmen? It throws off the balance. During the war, people began to realize that their lives would be safer and they have better opportunities in other countries so they left and never came back.

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013
Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

Compassion is something that can be defined in many ways, and may differ depending on the person or the environment that they are in. If someone is brought up in a compassionate home and is constantly shown love and care, then they might be more likely to show compassion as they grow older. I was lucky enough to have very compassionate parents who taught me how to care and be compassionate to everyone no matter what.

            Exercising compassion is a challenge that I did not realize was so hard to do. There are many parts of my day that I had to be very cautious of as I tried to complete this task. I’m a pretty good morning person, and I usually wake up in a good mood. That wasn’t an issue at all. It wasn’t hard for me to be nice to my roommates, help people with their problems, or even do things that I did not want to do. No. The problems arose in the smallest of things that I would not have imagined.

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

            In John Tirman’s book, The Deaths of Others, he discusses what he deems to be a disturbing trait of American citizens. He goes to great lengths to show a historical context, many examples relevant to today’s political climate, and some of the deeply-rooted reasons for this discussed trait. The problem that Tirman brings to readers through his book is the problem of a cold indifference that dominates the American society in response to the atrocious acts that have taken place in American wars and military interventions. Tirman offers readers the thesis that the general indifference to the atrocities of war is a distinctly American characteristic that has roots in the country’s history and origins. He provides a basis, or argument, for this thesis by providing readers with a history of American atrocities, ways that American indifference has been measured, and finally, reasons for indifference of the American public.

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

Negative political advertising is nothing new to the 21st century; however, when gender becomes a factor, negative advertising can affect a candidate’s chance of being elected. All of America is aware of negative ads during times of intense campaigning; yet, as a nation, is anyone aware of its bias categorization of gender? For instance, political campaigning can be more difficult for female politicians due to the bad reputation given to women within positions of power. The symbol of power, money and control is stereotypically associated with a dominant male figure, leaving little room for imperfections within a female’s political campaign. Any shortcoming, such as negative ads that paint a politician in a skewed manner, hit women much harder than men, according to the media as well as the research.

I Can Do It
Wednesday, May 1st, 2013
Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

             It’s no secret that in the past fifty years, the women’s movement has made enormous strides.  Not only are women more prominent in number and status in the professional world, they outnumber boys in most colleges and universities across the country, so much so that some admissions offices work conscientiously to appeal to the male sex.  This would have seemed absurd in the 1950s when males were perceived as bread winners and the traditional life trajectory of a female focused on family and not career and education. 

            No longer are women dependent on men in order to live a prosperous life.  Another revolutionary change is the fact that women no longer require a male sexual partner in order to have kids.  Modern women can choose the adoption route or with new technologies and advancements, they can have a child essentially on their own.  These advancements may have been intended especially for homosexual women or women who can’t naturally conceive, but professional heterosexual women without husbands now have the option of fulfilling that gender role when they want and on their own terms.  This new crop of highly educated women is not only changing traditional perceptions of the feminine sex, they are transforming the economic and social spheres of gender and culture. 

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

Íbamos a El Salvador,

con nos oídos abiertos

para oír el sufrimiento,

escuchando los gritos callados del duelo del amor.


Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

            Contrary to the connotation of the word “trafficking,” human trafficking does not necessarily denote the movement of humans.  The United Nations defines the term as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation” (United Nations).  The U.N. further states that trafficking in persons has three fundamental elements: the act (what is done), the means (how it is done), and the purpose (why it is done).  In order to fall under the U.N. terminology, all three elements must be present at some point in the case.

            The world’s most comprehensive resource of anti-trafficking effort by governments is the United States’ Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report. Published annually since 2001, its purposes are to “free victims, prevent trafficking, and bring traffickers to justice.”  According to the U.S. Department of State, it is the country’s “principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking.”  In addition to being used as a foreign engagement tool for the U.S., the report is also used by international organizations, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and foreign governments to determine where the problem is most concentrated and where resources are most needed.   

            In the TIP Report, the Department of State categorizes each country into one of three tiers based on their government’s efforts to comply with the “minimum standards for trafficking in persons” found in the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013
Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

            I dedicated Monday (April 8th) as being my Day of Compassion. I thought it would be an excellent day to be compassionate toward others since it ironically fell on Holocaust Remembrance Day. In my opinion, compassion is noticing the struggles of another person and doing something to help that person. While this would appear to be simple and logical, I believe that our society is lacking compassion these days. Overall, I would consider myself to be a compassionate person. I think that I am observant and empathetic toward the needs of others.

            Every week, I volunteer at the Regional School for the Deaf and Blind as a part of my scholarship requirements with the Foley Center. I have been working with children who are visually impaired for four years now. The children I work with range in grade level (1st-4th), and their needs vary. Most of the children in my class are able to see with the help of glasses, although one of my students is nearly blind. Every Monday, I help students with reading, math, playing games, and anything else the teacher needs my help with.

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

Women in positions of leadership is a topic being discussed more and more as women continue to take on higher positions or roles throughout our society. Hilary Clinton as Secretary of State, Marissa Mayer now Yahoo’s CEO, Oprah Winfrey head of Harpo Studios are several of the powerful elite female leaders of our time. The issue still at hand is that for women the climb to leadership positions that would or could be occupied by a male are still controversial.  In both the Fortune 5oo and Fortune 1000 list of companies women only hold 4.2 percent of the CEO positions on both list. Out of 1.4 million women serving in the military there are only two female four star generals. Ann E. Dunwoody was nominated in 2008 and Janet Wolfenbarger was nominated in 2012 to replaced Dunwoody when she stepped down.

Migration Installation
Wednesday, May 1st, 2013
Wednesday, May 1st, 2013


            The Balkans will forever hold a spot in my heart; as cliché as it sounds, the region that just a few short weeks ago I knew absolutely nothing about has made a lasting impact on my life. The people we met and the conflicts we faced forced my mind to venture to places it rarely does. How could a region laced with memories of such intense struggles be home to such kind, gracious individuals? How could these individuals live in harmony, for lack of a better word, with people associated with organizations accused of murdering their wives, children, brothers, or sisters? And how could the institution in which I put my faith be associated with some of the most wretched war crimes? In past years, the Catholic Church has found itself facing accusations regarding sex abuse scandals and money laundering, but in the 1990’s, clergymen were involved in events associated with the ethnic cleansing of the Balkans. Of course, for every terrible accusation the Church faces, there is a contradictory tale of valor accompanied by sincere compassion. So, where does this leave me on my personal journey?

            The history surrounding the conflict within the Balkans is entirely too rich to cover in a mere ten pages. Multiple volumes could be filled with information pertaining to the Balkan wars of the 1990’s. I think it is important to provide a brief history of the conflict, namely the religious divisions, which serve as the motivation for the monstrosities committed by the Catholic Church throughout the Balkans. In his lecture, Dr. Robers start to consider themselves as simple nobodies.  Their job is work for the benefit of their superior.   The harder and faster they work, the better compensation for the line leaders of that area, which in turn provides the department section with more money; leading to a trickledown effect where the actual laborers do not gain any more money for working harder, yet get punished severely by their superiors if they do anything wrong.  As soon as they start working, the students are caught in a hopeless environment.  An interviewed student-worker said, “I fell that what I’ve learned in my major is of no use…We don’t learn any technical skills at Foxconn; everyday is just a repetition of one or two simple motions, like a robot” (Ngai 15).  The workers are displayed as costs more than they are thanked for their hard work.  Without them the manufacturing of products would not be possible.  The control the company has over its workers along with the exploitation of

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

              When I think of compassion, I think of helping people and showing care to those who are in need.  The actual definition of compassion is the empathy of people who are suffering and it is a major factor in how we define love. I would describe myself as a compassionate guy, but I wanted to try new tactics in my normal behavior to show compassion. One of the ideas that I focused on was talking to people that I observed through the year who are really quiet and sit alone. I also attempted to spot people who seemed down and asked if they were okay and needed to talk. The simplest act I tried was doing favors in the cafeteria such as asking if anyone wants more to drink, if they wanted cookies, or if I could take their plates up. There is a student in my building who is always alone and I never see him really talk to anyone. He also sits in the cafeteria alone everyday so I felt bad for him. So on my day of compassion I decided to attempt a conversation with him. His reaction was a little awkward to me because I said, hi to him and he just walked right past me and did not say a word. Then I attempted again and asked if he knew what time the crawfish boil was at and he turned around and actually responded. I tried to engage in more conversation, but he didn’t really seem very social so he turned around and I said, “I’ll see you later bro.”

Winter 2013 Edition

Tuesday, August 26th, 2014

Winter Edition

Welcome to the first edition of PAX, Spring Hill College's magazine focused on peace and justice issues.  PAX is intended to give Spring Hill students, from all disciplines, the opportunity to publish content relating to a social justice issue or topic of interest.  Spring Hill College was founded on Catholic social teaching and it's this background as well as a secular social justice understanding that encourages students and faculty to promote peace and justice on our campus and around the world. Ideally, this magazine will be regularly updated with new postings from students, alumni or staff.  Finally, a huge thank you to Dr. Jamie Franco-Zamudio for being the driving force behind this project and its efforts.

Aislinn Shevlin, editor

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

Awareness brings us to share in the caring of one another.

Domestic abuse, more commonly referred to as domestic violence, involves a pattern of violence and emotional abuse in any relationship as a means to maintain power and control over an intimate partner.  Domestic violence can include physical, sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions or threats that harm or influence another person.

Friday, February 22nd, 2013
Breaking the Glass Ceiling

Breaking the Glass Ceiling

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

Immigration is a prominent issue that affects the American people in various ways. However, Americans usually focus only on the influx of immigrants and the space and resources they use, instead of the services they provide and talents they bring to the United States. This film sheds a light on the positive impact immigrants can make to the daily lives of people by demonstrating, in a satirical manner, how life would be without any immigrants.

Thursday, February 28th, 2013

As early as the 1930s, with the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco California and the widespread development of modern day high-rise buildings and skyscrapers, the hard hat, claimed as a safety apparatus by the elitist chief engineers of its time, has been utilized as a tool of oppression.  It is true that hard hats do protect workers from fatal accidents involving plummeting heavy equipment.  However, modern advances in the study of phrenology suggest that a couple of extra knots on the cranium, as from a falling wrench or hammer, may benefit individual members of society.

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

Human trafficking is an issue that has been prevalent across nations for numerous decades.  It has become a modern day form of slavery.  This is a problem because it violates a person’s basic human rights, along with treating that person unjustly.  Human trafficking involves many functions of transferring victims, which may include recruitment and transfer of victims.  It is usually done through force, but sometimes is done through emotional abuse.  The purpose of human trafficking is for the exploitation of a human being; types of exploitation may include prostitution or physical labor (UNODC, 2012).  In America, some forms of trafficking may be in construction, nail salons, and elder care (Siskin & Wyler, 2012).  Regardless of the type of human trafficking, efforts to stop this injustice are pertinent.

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

I’ve never thought of myself as poor. So naturally, I was very surprised when I called my mother to discuss what I had been researching for my PSY 385 class and I asked her how she would classify us in a socioeconomic category. “Borderline lower middle class, if not lower class” she said. I was puzzled. Hadn’t I always lived my life comfortably? I always had a roof over my head, we always had running water and cable TV, I went to an amazing public school in an upper middle class neighborhood. I knew what poor was. I grew up in an apartment complex, I’d seen ‘poor’ first hand, my dad couch surfed for a good portion of my life. I had to ask my mom why she would categorize us in such a manner. What brought us down to this status? Here, I have to admit that I thought less of myself than before, when the rest of my life I had spent thinking that I had a small leg up on society. I knew I wasn’t rich by any means, but not lower class. I’m ashamed to admit now that this disappointed me and after doing more research and hearing my mom explain things to me, I am much more open minded about this, and also thankful for the things I do have.

Thursday, February 28th, 2013
Palmer Pillans

Palmer Pillans Mural by Julia Lloyd, Madilyn Holmes, Sara Selman, Kyle Quinlan, Erin Bosarge, and Wanda Sullivan

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

The tag line of the 2008 documentary film, Trouble the Water is “It’s not about a hurricane. It’s about America.” This is so fitting, because, while the film explores the circumstances surrounding Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, Louisiana, it also tackles issues of race, class and the relationship between the American government and its citizens. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans, but the problems arose during and after the storm, when the levees, which protect the below-sea level city from flooding, failed. The parts of the city that were most effected by the broken levees and in peril were the lower socioeconomic districts, specifically the Ninth Ward. While most of the city’s population evacuated, many citizens in the Ninth Ward couldn’t afford to leave and since there was no public transportation organized to evacuate the city, many stayed and were forced to gather in the attics of flooded homes until they were rescued. But many died in the process.

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

Normally when I write a blog post, the inspiration behind it comes about in one of two ways. It is usually either an issue that I have always felt strongly about and just happened to want to write a blog post about (for example, the first blog post I ever wrote, which was about being pro-life and about disability rights), or something will happen to me that inspires me to sit down and write (Like my post about Mr. D, the homeless man who taught me how to dribble a basketball). The post I am going to be writing about today does not fall into either category. In fact, until recently, the issue I will be discussing today was something that rarely ever crossed my mind.

The issue I will be writing about is how I decided to become an ally for members of the Trans* community. It seems that so often when we hear about the LGBTQ community in the news, it is revolving around gay marriage or other issues of gay rights. There is rarely any talk about the Trans* (which signifies transgender male or female, bi-gender, genderqueer or anyone else who does not fit into the gender binary) community, Trans* rights or transphobia. Like I said before, I was not conscious of this until recently.

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013
Throughout my time at The Regional School for the Deaf and Blind I have gained a reasonable amount of knowledge about the students that I work with. For instance, I have learned that every student is an individual with specific needs that need to be met overtime. Also, every child develops at his/her own pace, so trying to incorporate the No Child Left Behind Act into the curriculum becomes very complicated to do. In fact, teachers are subjected to give work to children who are still functioning below a kindergarten level, to satisfy parents with unrealistic hopes for their children. 
Saturday, February 23rd, 2013


            While doing service with Alabama’s Focus First, I have learned many things about the importance of screening young children for possible eye problems. I have also noticed how Focus First could be improved to guarantee that children with eye problems receive the proper help.

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

            The justice system in the United States is at work everyday in many situations. The justice system is charged with punishing and sentencing those who violate the laws set down by legislatures. These punishments rely on evidence of said crime that proves guilt. Sometimes however the justice system fails in its task. This can be seen in prisons and jails across the country where the innocent are punished for the failures of the system. Movies are often created to depict current events often with fictional twists to separate them from true situations. Double Jeopardy is such a movie. Double Jeopardy is the story of a woman tried and wrongly convicted for her husband’s death.

Thursday, February 28th, 2013


Despite the negativity associated with being African American

I must continue to fight the odds of becoming yet another stereotype

At times I see no point this but at others it is centered on proving a point

Proving that I am capable and that I do deserve to be treated as an equal being

Could you imagine being questioned on your intelligence level solely on the color of your skin?

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

Letter to the Editor

Subject: Unequal opportunities in education

Date Sent: October 2, 2012

To Editor:

            The racial issues in reference to education that W.E.B Du Bois addressed and fought for in the 20th century did not die with him. While other great black leaders during this time pushed for African Americans to accept their superior position and learn crafts, industrial skills, farming skills and other trades that mainstream society saw as inferior, Du Bois wanted equality for African Americans. However, blacks and whites did not have an equal opportunity to become doctors, lawyers, and nurses. Americans today like to believe that those days of inequality and discrimination are over. They are not. This fact is not more evident than in our educational system.

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

Letter to the Editor, Congress, and Senate of the United States of America

            On April 19, 2012 the representation of Alabama citizens failed at protecting civil rights.  On this date the Governor of Alabama passed a law, H.B. 56, that condemned immigrants of the state from living their lives as normal people.  The new law passed requires that no human being who is of “illegal status” in the United States, be given to state and local services.  This law both angered and upset me.  As a human being and an American citizen, I believe in morals and values that stem from places deeper than laws and legislation.  When the law was enforced, many families were forced to uproot their lives and leave for Florida or California where they knew they were more likely to be safe.  To think that a human being in America should have to live in fear of the government is mind-boggling.

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

Since the beginning of my college career at Spring Hill, I have been a part of the Foley Center work-study program. I have worked at elementary, middle, and high schools since my freshman year. These schools are located in the poor areas of Mobile and the students have very low socioeconomic status. On the American Psychological Association website, I found statistics comparing students of high socioeconomic status to those of low socioeconomic status. Studies from 2002 and 2008 showed that students from low socioeconomic status were more likely to struggle with language and math skills and were more likely to struggle with reading.

Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014

Dancing has always been my passion. I cannot put into words the feeling dancing gives me. I have poured my life into dancing and choreographing. Unfortunately, my passion and love for what I love brought out a part of me that I never knew existed. Throughout middle school, I suffered from an eating disorder. Looking back on it, I did it because I wanted to be the best. Constantly in the dance world you are told “you don’t have enough technique”, “you aren’t tall enough”,  “you don’t have the look we are trying to portray for this piece”.

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