Transgender Children and Teens Fact Sheet

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2016

Definitions

  • Sex- one’s anatomical sex, with which they were born
  • Gender- the perception of one’s sex as a part of society, with which they identify
  • Transgender- people whose gender identity does not align with their anatomical sex

Statistics

  • In a national study of K-12 student:

○      Children reporting verbal harassment based on gender expression- 55.2%

○      Children reporting physical harassment based on gender expression- 22.7%

○      Children reporting physical assault based on gender expression- 11.4%

  • In a national study of transgender adults, 15% reported leaving school at some point from kindergarten to college because of gender expression-based harassment
  • Not enough statistics have been gathered regarding transgender youth and depression/suicide, but one study found that 45% have seriously considered suicide
  • Recent data has suggested that at least 1 in 500 people are transgender

 

How To Prevent Future Mistreatment

To fix the way that transgender children, and transgender individuals as a whole, are seen, individuals must take a nonbinary approach to gender. Within the psychology community, as well as the general public, a broadened view of what is deemed to be “normal” vs. “abnormal,” in relation to the range of gender identities and expressions, may prevent future harassment. We also must allow those individuals who can serve as role models to transgender children and teens to step forward without having to be concerned for their safety, in order to create a safer environment. Another opportunity to set a safer environment is to work through the education system. Many schools do not include gender expression harassment under their discrimination policies. By including this, as well as having programs in which such topics are openly discussed, transgender children will have a place to learn that they also feel safe being in.  Other factors that can increase a safe environment are family connectedness and social support.

 The most important thing your child needs is your love and support independent of their gender.”

 

References

Adelson, S. L., & The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP).

(2015). Guidelines for psychological practice with transgender and gender

nonconforming people.  American Psychologist, 70(9), 832-864.

doi:10.1037/a0039906

Committee on Quality Issues (CQI). (2012). Practice parameter on gay, lesbian, or bisexual

sexual orientation, gender nonconformity, and gender discordance in children and

adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51,

957–974. doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2012.07.004

Brooks, D. (2010). Gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (GLBTQ) youth.

Advocates for Youth

Transgendered children and youth: Information for parents and caregivers. IWK Health

Centre. http://www.iwk.nshealth.ca/sites/default/files/TRANSGENDER%20FACT%20SHE

ET.pdf